Dont write using prose you wouldnt use in conversation. The usual result of this is a paper thats hard to read, and which is full of inadequately defended and poorly explained claims ..
If you wouldnt say it, dont write it. Many students find the dialogue form attractive ..
Its ok to show a draft of your paper to your friends and get their comments and advice ..
If you plan to discuss the views of philosopher x, begin by isolating his arguments or central assumptions ..
As you read your paper, keep saying to yourself does this really make sense? Thats not at all clear! That sounds pretentious ..
Dont be afraid to bring up objections to your own thesis. You dont need to explain general philosophical terms, like valid argument and necessary truth ..
Dont begin with a sentence like down through the ages, mankind has pondered the problem of. Say exactly what you mean, in the first place. Then ask yourself are the arguments good ones? Are xs assumptions clearly stated? Are they plausible? Are they reasonable starting-points for xs argument, or ought he have provided some independent argument for them? Keep in mind that philosophy demands a high level of precision.
The aim of these papers is for you to display familiarity with the material and an ability to think critically about it. Dont think of this as an annoying preliminary to doing the real philosophy. It is always better to concentrate on one or two points and develop them in depth than to try to cram in too much.
Pretend that your reader has not read the material youre discussing, and has not given the topic much thought in advance. If you can, show it to your friends and get their reactions to it. If you dont explain what you take philosopher xs view to be, your reader cannot judge whether the criticism you offer of x is a good criticism, or whether it is simply based on your misunderstanding or misinterpretation of xs views.
If your friends cant understand something youve written, then neither will your grader be able to understand it. This is part of the real philosophical work. If you got below an a-, then your draft was generally difficult to read, it was difficult to see what your argument was and what the structure of your paper was supposed to be, and so on.
Try to figure out what reasonable position the philosopher could have had in mind, and direct your arguments against it is pointless to argue against a position so ridiculous that no one ever believed it in the first place, and that can be refuted effortlessly. Dont write using prose you wouldnt use in conversation. You can only correct these sorts of failings by rewriting your paper from scratch.
Part of what youre being graded on is how well you can do that. You may use the word i freely, especially to tell the reader what youre up to (e. You cant make the structure of your paper obvious if you dont know what the structure of your paper is, or if your paper has no structure. So you need to teach yourself to write a draft, scrutinize the draft, and revise and rewrite your paper and overall clarity of your paper, than it is to clean up a word or a phrase here or there. If the strengths and weaknesses of two competing positions seem to you to be roughly equally balanced, you should feel free to say so.
You should try to provide reasons for this claim that might be found convincing by someone who didnt already think that the two views were equally balanced. I find that making an outline is at least 80 of the work of writing a good philosophy paper. That is why it is important to think about these questions before you begin to write. I will now present two arguments that not-p. Do avoid other sorts of grammatical mistakes, like dangling participles (e.
So you need to teach yourself to write a draft, scrutinize the draft, and revise and rewrite your paper and overall clarity of your paper, than it is to clean up a word or a phrase here or there. Should we reject it? Or should we conclude that we dont yet have enough information to decide whether the thesis is true or false?) no matter which of these aims you set for yourself, you have to explicitly present reasons for the claims you make. . In a philosophy paper, its ok to use this verb as much as you need to. Consult the handouts on use technical philosophical terms only where you need them.
Philosophical problems and philosophical writing require careful and extended reflection. Nor should you assume that every writing guideline youve been given by other teachers is important when youre writing a philosophy paper. Youre just trying to present a claim and some reasons to believe it or disbelieve it, as straightforwardly as possible. Each assignment describes a specific problem or question, and you should make sure you deal with that particular problem. Hence, we should reject xs claim that p. Quotations should never be used as a substitute for your own explanation. Well make fun of you if you use big words where simple words will do. It is always better to concentrate on one or two points and develop them in depth than to try to cram in too much. Likewise if you use technical terms like supervenience and the like. Youll usually begin by putting some thesis or argument on the table for consideration.Quality academic help from professional paper & essay writing service. Best team of research writers makes best orders for students. Bulletproof company that guarantees customer support & lowest prices & money back.