A general rule-of-thumb is that the title should contain the presented. In either case you should discuss reasons for similarities and differences between yours and others findings ..
Same actions, but all the important information is given in a single, concise sentence ..
When your paper includes more than one experiment, use describe the procedures for your study in sufficient detail that other scientists could repeat your work to verify your findings ..
Others may read only titles and , and so on. Present the results of your experiment(s) in a sequence that will logically support (or provide evidence against) the hypothesis, or answer the question, stated in the introduction ..
Figures and tables are often found in an appendix. Begin your introduction by clearly identifying the subject area of interest ..
A major function of the text is to provide clarifying information. The text of the results section should be crafted to follow this sequence and highlight the evidence needed to answer the questionshypotheses you investigated ..
Use of the first person is okay, but too much use of the first person may actually distract the reader from the main points. Avoid use of the first person in this section. Figures and tables are often found in an appendix.
Some examples of material that might be put in an appendix (not an exhaustive list) explanation of formulas, either already known ones, or especially if you have invented some statistical or other mathematical procedures for data analysis. Although it is the first section of your paper, the abstract, by definition, must be written last since it will summarize the paper. The a the function of the results section is to objectively present your key (tables and figures).
The take home point here is that the scientific format helps to insure that at whatever level a person reads your paper (beyond title skimming), they will likely get the key results and conclusions. Always identify treatments by the variable or treatment name, not by an ambiguous, generic name or number (e. What literature should you look for in your review of what we know about the problem? - the journals that publish original research articles.
In any case, your results may be of importance to others even though they did not support your hypothesis. Here you will indicate what types of descriptive statistics were used and which analyses (usually hypothesis tests) were employed to answer each of the questions or hypotheses tested and determine statistical siginifcance. The scientific format may seem confusing for the beginning science writer due to its rigid which is so different from writing in the humanities.
Present the results of your experiment(s) in a sequence that will logically support (or provide evidence against) the hypothesis, or answer the question, stated in the introduction. Write the text of the results section concisely and objectively. When your paper includes more than one experiment, use describe the procedures for your study in sufficient detail that other scientists could repeat your work to verify your findings.
One reason for using this format is that it is a means of efficiently communicating scientific findings to the broad community of scientists in a uniform manner. You would then calculate the descriptive statistics for those samples (mean, sd, n, range, etc) and plot these numbers. Begin your introduction by clearly identifying the subject area of interest. Those observations are then analyzed to yield an answer to the question. If your abstract was the only part of the paper you could access, would you be happy with the information presented there? The abstract is only text.
A good strategy is to note, on a draft of each table or figure, the one or two key results you want to addess in the text portion of the results. The judgment of what is general or specific is difficult at first, but with practice and reading of the scientific literature you will develop e firmer sense of your audience. Lead the reader to your statement of purposehypothesis by focusing your literature review from the more general context (the big picture e. In a course where statistical tests are not employed, you would visually inspect these plots. Anova (with tukeys post hoc test) or a kruskal-wallis test (with dunns post hoc test).
A simple rule-of-thumb is to imagine that you are another researcher doing an study similar to the one you are reporting. For example, in the mouse behavior paper, the words would likely appear within the first one or two sentences of the introduction. The results section always begins with text, reporting the key results and referring to your figures and tables as you proceed. When you pose a testable hypothesis that can be answered experimentally, or ask a question that can be answered by collecting samples, you accumulate observations about those organisms or phenomena. What literature should you look for in your review of what we know about the problem? - the journals that publish original research articles.
Remember that the title becomes the basis for most on-line computer searches - if your title is insufficient, few people will find or read your paper. Write the text of the results section concisely and objectively. Then set about revising or adding words to make it all cohesive and clear. Organize the discussion to address each of the experiments or studies for which you presented results discuss each in the same sequence as presented in the results, providing your interpretation of what they mean in the larger context of the problem. Write your abstract using concise, but complete, sentences, and get to the point quickly. The length of your abstract should be kept to about 200-300 words maximum (a typical standard length for journals. Avoid repeatedly using a single sentence to relate a single action this results in very lengthy, wordy passages. An appendix contains information that is non-essential to understanding of the paper, but may present information that further clarifies a point without burdening the body of the presentation. Although it is the first section of your paper, the abstract, by definition, must be written last since it will summarize the paper. You should also indicate the used to analyze your results, including the probability level at which you determined significance (usually at 0.A journal can be a chronicle of your daily activities, a summary of your most intimate thoughts, or simply a way to keep yourself on track while you complete an assignment. To write a journal entry for yourself, consider writing about the events of your day, secrets you need to get off your chest ...