In the case of a literature review, you are really creating a new forest, which you will build by using the trees you found in the literature you read ..
Guideline series is coordinated by helen mongan-rallis of the education department at the university of minnesota duluth ..
Note emphases, strengths & weaknesses since different research studies focus on different aspects of the issue being studied, each article that you read will have different emphases, strengths ..
If you have any questions, comments, or suggestions to improve these guidelines please me at e-mail note for these guidelines, in some sections i have quoted directly some of the the steps from galvan, j ..
Create a topic outline that traces your argument first explain to the reader your line or argument (or thesis) then your narrative that follows should explain and justify your line of argument ..
On the other hand, a review in a thesis, dissertation, or journal article presenting original research usually leads to the research questions that will be addressed ..
I have integrated some other tips within this guide, particularly in suggesting different technology tools that you might want to consider in helping you organize your review. Identify gaps in the literature, and reflect on why these might exist (based on the understandings that you have gained by reading literature in this field of study). This step requires you to synthesize and make sense of what you read, since these patterns and trends may not be spelled out in the literature, but rather become apparent to you as you review the big picture that has emerged over time.
Using relevant databases, search for literature sources using google scholar and also searching using furl (search all sources, including the furl accounts of other furl members). The rule i follow is to quote only when some key meaning would be lost in translation if i were to paraphrase the original authors words, or if using the original words adds special emphasis to a point that i am making. If you include studies prior to the past five years that are landmark studies, you should defend why you have chosen these rather than more current ones.
Your analysis can make generalizations across a majority of studies, but should also note inconsistencies across studies and over time. Critique the research methodologies used in the studies, and distinguish between assertions (the authors opinion) and actual research findings (derived from empirical evidence). While a summary of the what you have read is contained within the literature review, it goes well beyond merely summarizing professional literature.
To ensure that you have quoted accurately (and to save time in note taking), if you are accessing the article in a format that allows this, you can copy and paste using your computer edit -- copy -- paste functions. If you include tables as part of your review each must be accompanied by an analysis that summarizes, interprets and synthesizes the literature that you have charted in the table. If you copy the exact words from an article, be sure to cite the page number as you will need this should you decide to use the quote when you write your review (as direct quotes must always be accompanied by page references).
How you end the review, however, will depend on your reason for writing it. As part of your search, be sure to identify landmark or classic studies and theorists as these provide you with a frameworkcontext for your study. Galvan (200672) captures the difference between an annotated bibliography and a literature review very well.
Writing literature reviews a guide for students of the behavioral sciences (3rd ed. You will need to experiment with different searches, such as limiting your search to descriptors that appear only in the document titles, or in both the document title and in the abstract. You may find the program inspiration useful in mapping out your argument (and once you have created this in a concept map form, enables you to convert this to a text outline merely by clicking on the outline button). Try to narrow it to a specific area of interest within the broad area that you have chosen (remember this is merely an literature review for educ 7001). Redefine your topic if needed as you search you will quickly find out if the topic that you are reviewing is too broad.
Your role as a reviewer to evaluate what you read, so that your review is not a mere description of different articles, but rather a critical analysis that makes sense of the collection of articles that you are reviewing. Plan to suggest specific directions for future research near the end of the review if you are commenting on the timeliness of a topic, be specific in describing the time frame if a landmark study was replicated, mention that and indicate the results of the replication refer the reader to other reviews on issues that you will not be discussing in details if the results of previous studies are inconsistent or widely varying, cite them separately cite all relevant references in the review section of thesis, dissertation, or journal article if your review is long, provide an overview near the beginning of the review near the beginning of a review, state explicitly what will and will not be covered specify your point of view early in the review this serves as the thesis statement of the review. Access or file maker pro), in an excel spreadsheet, or the old-fashioned way of using note cards. To ensure that you have quoted accurately (and to save time in note taking), if you are accessing the article in a format that allows this, you can copy and paste using your computer edit -- copy -- paste functions. You may also note that studies fall into different categories (categories that you see emerging or ones that are already discussed in the literature).
Once again, its useful to enter this information into your refworks record. Redefine your topic if needed as you search you will quickly find out if the topic that you are reviewing is too broad. In your final project your literature review should demonstrate your command of your field of study andor establishing context for a study that you have done. Identify major trends or patterns as you read a range of articles on your topic, you should make note of trends and patterns over time as reported in the literature. How you end the review, however, will depend on your reason for writing it.
In the case of this educ 7001 introductory literature review, your initial purpose is to provide an overview of the topic that is of interest to you, demonstrating your understanding of key works and concepts within your chosen area of focus. You may find the program inspiration useful in mapping out your argument (and once you have created this in a concept map form, enables you to convert this to a text outline merely by clicking on the outline button). The advantage of using excel is that it enables you to sort your findings according to a variety of factors (e. It focuses on a of the relationship among different works, and relating this research to your work. You are also developing skills in reviewing and writing, to provide a foundation on which you will build in subsequent courses within your m. Within each topic heading, look for obvious gaps or areas needing more research. Tip as you skim the articles, you may want to record the notes that you take on each directly into refworks in the box for user 1. Typically a review will cover the last five years, but should also refer to any landmark studies prior to this time if they have significance in shaping the direction of the field. Consider how you reassemble your notes plan how you will organize your findings into a unique analysis of the picture that you have captured in your notes. Decide on the format in which you will take notes as you read the articles (as mentioned above, you can do this in refworks.The book is well written in a clear and succinct language, free from pretentious academic jargon. It addresses an important academic issue. Writing a literature review, often as the first chapter of a research paper, is challenging to most graduate students, yet it is often treated as only about reading.